How To Help The Environment Essay Questions

Below are examples of IELTS Environmental writing task 2 questions.

Human activity has had a negative impact on plants and animals around the world. Some people think that this cannot be changed, while others believe actions can be taken to bring about a change.

Discuss both and give your opinion. (Reported 2017, Academic Test)


It is often said that governments spend too much money on projects to protect wildlife, while there are other problems that are more important?

Do you agree or disagree? (Reported 2017, GT Test)


Some people think the best way to solve global environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuel.

To what extent do you agree or disagree? (Reported 2017, Academic Test)


Some people think an international car-free day is an effective way to reduce air pollution. Others think there are more effective ways do to this.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion. (Reported 2017, Academic Test)


While some people consider global warming to be the most pressing environmental problem which we have at the moment, others believe that deforestation has a more devastating impact on our world.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion.


The government should reduce the amount of money spent on local environmental problems and instead increase funding into urgent and more threatening issues such as global warming.

To what extent do you agree?


With increasing populations and ever growing urban centers, many countries are losing their natural beauty spots.

What benefits are there to protecting places of natural beauty?

How can this be solved?


Although many people value their public parks, this space could be better used for other purposes such as residential areas for the ever growing population or to develop business and boost economies.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with this?


With deforestation, urban development and illegal hunting, many animal species are becoming endangered as they lose their habitat and some are even threatened to the point of extinction.

Do you think it is important to protect animals?

What measures can be taken to deal with this problem?


Global warming is one of the biggest threats to our environment.

What causes global warming?

What solutions are there to this problem?


Both governments and individuals are spending vast amounts of money protecting animals and their habitat. This money could be better spent dealing with fundamental issues in society such as poverty and health care.

To what extent do you agree?


As a result of growth in some urban centers, the environment in those cities is deteriorating.

How could this issue be tackled by both the government and individuals?


Some people think that current environmental issues are global problems and should therefore be dealt with by the government while others believe that these problems can only be tackled by individuals.

Discuss both sides and give your opinion.


Global environmental issues are the responsibility of rich nations not of poorer nations.

Do you agree with this opinion?


Many people believe that global environmental problems should be dealt with internationally rather than domestically.

What is your opinion?


 Many animals are being hunted to the brink of extinction in order to fulfil the demand and greed of mankind for decorative purposes as well as for other reasons, such as traditional medicine.

How can this issue be tackled?


Restricting air travel is the only way to prevent air pollution.

Do you agree?


Reported essay questions are from students who have taken their IELTS test. These questions may vary slightly in wording from the original question. 

All Practice IELTS Essay Questions

Following each question are suggested points or terms to include in a response. Think about the connection and how you would include the item.

  1. Discuss how scientists and policymakers have worked together to affect international cooperation on the environment.
    • Montreal Protocol
    • UNFCC
    • Earth Summits
    • NGOs
  2. What are the major environmental issues facing the international system, and how is the international community addressing them?
    • deforestation
    • pollution
      • conferences on climate change; NGO efforts
    • water
      • conferences on water; NGOs  Food
      • World Food Programme; Somalia as a relief example
    • energy
      • creation of IEA; role of OPEC; search for alternative energy sources
  3. Explore situations where water—and controlling rights of that water—has led to conflict, cooperation, and tension in the international system.
    • describe how water may be controlled
    • Turkey
    • India-Bangladesh
    • Sudan
  4. How has—and should—the international community respond to the hunger crisis? Present examples.
    • distribution
    • natural and man-made causes for famine, production shortages
    • NGOs, UN
    • Ethiopia, Lesotho, Somalia
    • sovereignty
    • humanitarian aid and intervention
  5. What should the international community do about energy? Review alternatives, and assess the viability for increased use of that energy in developed and developing countries.
    • risks
    • oil
    • coal
    • gas
    • renewables
  6. Discuss the short-term and long-term solutions to food shortages. o short-term solutions include relief, improvement of distribution networks, improvement in food aid, and reliance on NGOs and IGOs for relief.
    • long-term solutions include economic development that doesn’t destroy the environment and farmlands in the process.

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