Difference Between Letter Writing And Essay Writing

Difference between essay and report writing

Most students get confused in the difference between essay writing and report writing. Despite of having some similarities, they both are written insignificantly different styles. Both of them must be written in a formal academic style with carefully checking of grammar, spelling and presentations. There are some common things in essay writing and report writing because both start with an introduction, body with discussions and analysis and then conclusions and both are demonstrated in analytical thinking. But essay writing and report writing have some differences and writers should keep in mind before planning and writing. Essay starts with presenting an argument but report contains information presentation. In essay minimal or no use of headings and sub-headings but reports often use number of headings and sub-headings. In essay paragraphs are used for expressing your ideas in the body but in report some short, concise paragraphs and dot points are use at points where they are needed. Essay will require addition of abstract if you are writing very long essay but report may need abstract and sometimes it is called executive summary (Saigon, Learning Skill Unit).

How Essay Writing is Different from Reports Writing

Essay writing is different from report writing because the purpose, theme, needs, writing style and structure of essay writing essay is significantly different from that of report. Essays are mostly written by students who’re given a particular topic to discuss. Students show their understanding on the assigned topic in the form of descriptive writing, along with self-analysis and interpretation of problem is given. It has been reported that if a group of students are required to write an essay they’ll face number of challenges, whereas there are hardly any issues for report writing in the group. Therefore in most of the academic institutions essay writing is always given as individual task whereas report writing is preferred for group work.

Essays are always based on logical representation of your arguments presented to some specific question raised and the reader should have a background information about the question, which in most cases are your teachers and supervisors. The main purpose of essay writing it to evaluate how best one can develop an argument and then present it in their own language, with sound reasoning and using appropriate evidence. With the transition of sentences and summaries, writers show connection between different stages of arguments presented. By reading some parts of essay readers may not understand the purpose of essay in totality, however for thorough understand and evaluate of essay it has to be read completely (EDU, Australian School of Business).

Reports indicate the structure of assigned topic very clearly by dividing it into headings and subheadings which are not covered in essays. After reading every different section, readers can obtain significant level of understanding about the topic. Each section in reports contains information that reader wants to know and he can understand the purpose of other parts (EDU, Australian School of Business). Report writing includes examples, cases, tables and illustration for explanatory purpose. By including supplementary relevant evidence the writer makes bases for its research. It is highly recommended to breakdown entire report into small headings and subheadings based on the concepts/areas to be covered, that given and excellent report structure and ease for the reader to understand and interpret.


  1. Saigon. 2010. ‘Report Writing: A Quick Guide’, Learning Skill Unite.
  2. EDU. ‘Writing an Essay’, Australian School of Business.















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